01 December 2009

History 2

There appeared in 1678 "The Ornithology of Francis Willughby" by Willughby and Ray. This was the first major work based on anatomy and behavior for classification--a first attempt at a "natural classification" (although they were more likely unaware of the assumption such a classification entails).

1712-1726: MARK CATESBY-- a young Englishman, wandered through the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. He wanted to pain, describe, and name every vertebrate in Southeast. The result was "The Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahamas Island", which contained 220 hand-painted engravings. The work was remarkably unbiased, he demanded first-hand observations rather than folk lore. Catesby is often called THE FOUNDER OF AMERICAN ORNITHOLOGY.

1758 (Mean anything to you?)--- The 12th edition of Linneaus' "Systema Naturae" upon which we base our rule of priority in naming birds was published. Floods of specimens began pouring into Europe
Woodcuts were developed in 1790's making field guides available to general public. The first was by Thomas Bewick, in 1809, "History of British Birds."

Mark Catesby: Swallow-tailed Kite

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